Thomas JEFFERSON Essay, Research Paper
Thomas Jefferson is a American leader and political philosopher, writer of the Declaration
of Independence, and the 3rd president of the United States. ( 1801-1809 )
Jefferson was among the most superb American advocates of the Enlightenment, the motion of
18th-century idea that emphasized the possibilities of human ground. A Virginia blue blood, he had
the clip and resources to educate himself in history, literature, jurisprudence, architecture, scientific discipline, and
doctrine ; as diplomat and friend of Gallic and British intellectuals, he had direct entree to
motive and the chance to use Enlightenment political doctrine to the undertaking of nation-
Theorist of Independence
During his 20s, Jefferson read voraciously in Enlightenment doctrine, 17th-century English
history, political theory, and jurisprudence. Pulling on this acquisition, he drafted in1774a Summary View of
the Rights of British America as instructions for Virginia & # 8217 ; s delegates to the First Continental
Congress, which met to see the settlements & # 8217 ; grudges against Great Britain.
alternatively adopted a more legalistic set of instructions, , and Summary View was published
anonymously as a booklet. As Jefferson & # 8217 ; s writing became widely known, nevertheless, he moved
all of a sudden into the front rank of American political theoreticians.
In the booklet, Jefferson argued that the original colonists of the settlements came as persons
instead than as agents of the British authorities. The colonial authoritiess they formed hence
embodied the natural right of exiles from one state to choose the footings of their subjugation a
new swayer. Colonial legislative assemblies and the British Parliament, he asserted, shared power, and both were
responsible for protecting the & # 8220 ; autonomies and rights & # 8221 ; of the people.
The Declaration of Independence, drafted chiefly by Jefferson in late June 1776 for the
2nd Continental Congress, drew the deductions of this historical position to their logical decision,
proclaiming that the oppressive Acts of the Apostless of the British authorities gave the settlers the right to & # 8220 ; fade out
the political sets & # 8221 ; that had connected them with the female parent state.
Jefferson was born on April 13, 1773, at Shadwell in Ambermale County, Virginia. His
male parent was a plantation proprietor, and his female parent belonged to the Randolph household, which was
prominent in colonial Virginia. From his male parent and from his environment he acquired an intense
involvement in vegetation, geology, mapmaking, and North American geographic expedition, and from his childhood
teacher love of Greek and Latin. As a pupil at the College of William and Mary in the early
1760s, he studied unde
R William Small, who knew in deepness the Scots Enlightenment, with its extremely
integrated attack to jurisprudence, history, doctrine, and scientific discipline. In George With, he found an every bit
gifted instructor of the jurisprudence. Jefferson was admitted to the saloon in 1767 and foremost elected to the Virginia
House of his place, Monticello. Despite several desultory wooing & # 8217 ; s, he did non earnestly see
matrimony until 1770, when he met Martha Wayles Skelton, a Wealthy widow of 23. They were
Jefferson as President
In the election of 1800, Jefferson an his fellow Republican Aaron Burr received an equal
figure of electoral ballots, therefore making a tie and throwing the presidential election into the House of
Representatives. After 36 ballots, the House declared Jefferson elected.
As had Adams before him, Jefferson faced resistance from an sturdy cabal
within his ain party every bit good as from the Federalists. He steered a steady class between these two
extremes, naming some qualified Federalists to office and declining a sweeping purging of
officers inherited signifier the Adams disposal. He supported abrogation of the Judiciary Act of
1801, which had created a dearly-won grade of federal entreaties tribunals and would hold encouraged entreaties
from province tribunals, but he opposed any assault on the independency of the Federalists-dominated
bench ; Jefferson & # 8217 ; s three assignments to the Supreme Court, made between 1804 and 1807,
were all strong patriots and maintainers of judicial independency
During his first term his lifelong interested in the West and in American-French dealingss
prompted his major presidential accomplishment, the purchase from France of Louisiana-all the western
land drained by the Missouri and Missisipi rivers-and the organisation of an expedition by William
Clark and Meriwether Lewis to research the British to esteem US neutrality on the high seas during
the Napoleonic Wars, he persuaded Congress in 1807 to embargo all trade with Britain-a move that
failed to arouse any grants, devastated the state & # 8217 ; s economic system for a coevals, and alienated New
England, which lived by foreign trade.
After go forthing office he retired to Monticello where he lived until his decease on July 4, 1826,
matching with John Adams about the great issues of revolution and constitutinalism, seeking to
continue his declinig estate for his girls alternatively of his creditors, and dwelling aver the baneful
effects of bondage. He was unwilling, for fiscal grounds, to liberate his ain slaves, and he disagreed
with abolitionist friends who held that inkinesss were equal to Whites. His self-contradictory beliefs in human
self-respect and in racial lower status typified the quandary of the state he had helped to make.
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