Length:Roughly 1500 wordsNo strict minimum, but anything under 1000 probably does not have enough content.No strict maximum, but (i) keep in mind that longer does not mean better, and (ii) if the paper is over 2000 words, that is an indication that there are likely problems with the scope and/or focus of the essay.Trolleyology Task: Articulate your own moral principle and defend it by showing how it can explain the moral status regarding different variations of the trolley problem. (Think of this as doing what Thomson does in her essay, except that you would be creating and defending your own view.)Components:Begin by describing Thomson’s original “Bystander” version of the trolley problem. State your own view regarding the moral status of pulling the lever, and briefly (in one or two sentences) explain why you think it has that status. Present three or four variations on the trolley scenario, ideally ones that are not from the reading.This could include variations in which we know information about some of the people, whether people on either track and/or the person pulling the lever.It could include variations that would change what rights or expectations are relevant (e.g. whether the track is active or abandoned).Be creative and have fun with it.For each variation, state your own view regarding the moral status (e.g. permissible, forbidden, obligatory) of the relevant act (pulling a lever, steering the trolley, pushing a person, etc.). Provide some brief comments on why you think the changes to the scenarios do or do not result in a change to moral status of the act.Finally, articulate a moral principle that accommodates all of your views regarding the different statuses for each of the scenarios you consider, and explain how your principle implies that status. (Note: this is the most important part of the essay.) Creativity/originality: how creative were you in coming up with the scenarios and thinking about the moral principle.Examples of assignments that would score very low for creativity include: using only scenarios in the readings, or having very minor changes, such as the number of people on the tracks. Likewise, using a very simple utilitarian principle (e.g. always save the most number of lives) would also score low for creativity.Organization/clarity: Is the essay or video well-organized and clearly presented? Is it easy for the reader/viewer to follow your line of reasoning?Articulation/application of principle: Did you succeed in clearly articulating your moral principle and describing how it explains what you take to be the “correct” moral status of each of the scenarios that you discuss?Grading CriteriaAccuracy: Did you accurately describe and apply the theoretical frameworks you are discussing? (This is the most important criteria)Organization/clarity: Is the essay or video well-organized and clearly presented? Is it easy for the reader/viewer to follow your line of reasoning?Originality/creativity: Did the essay or video display originality or creativity in the choice of issue?Examples of assignments that would score low on originality would be replicating something from lecture or one of the readings, or picking an issue with an obvious answer (e.g. Is it morally permissible to engage in genocide? Or: Is it morally permissible to intentionally give people a deadly disease without their consent in order to study its effects?)
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